How to capture Motion Blur?

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Sometimes the motion blur is accidental. But these day it is majorly intentional. Motion blur is frequently used to show a sense of speed or movement. Specifically in advertisements related to cars, bike and to some extent, adventure sports, like bungee jumping, skydiving etc.

Any object moving with respect to the camera will look blurred or smeared along the direction of relative motion. This smearing may occur on an object that is moving or on a static background if the camera is moving. You can achieve this effect in a usual scene using slow shutter speeds.

You don't need a whole lot of special equipment to take great motion blur photos. Just follow the tips below and practice over time to see that happening. With a regular practice you'll see an improvement in your captures and motion-blurs.

Here are the tips to capture motion blur.

1. Use a slow shutter speed : The main reason behind a 'motion blur' is the amount of time your camera shutter is open. It should be long enough to allow your camera sensors to see your subject move from one position to other. Choose a longer shutter speed to capture movement. The shutter speed also depends on the speed at which your subject is moving. A lot depends on how much blur you want to capture and how well lit the subject is. So the key here is 'experiment'. Try different shutter speed for your subject and see which setting works best for you.

2. Secure your camera position : There are two ways to get a blur in photography. One, when your subject moves and second, when your camera moves. All you need is to keep your camera perfectly still to capture the blur from the subject.

3. Shoot in 'Shutter-priority' mode : Another very important point in capturing the 'motion-blur' is to shoot either in 'Manual-mode' or 'Shutter-priority' mode. The idea here is to have full control over the exposure settings which is possible to a large extent in these two modes on your camera. The 'Shutter-priority' mode ensures that you get the motion-blur effect that you’ve been wanting, but also makes sure that your shot is well exposed.

4. Small aperture : Aperture, ISO and shutter speed go hand in hand. Changes in one setting reflect an impact on the other. These thre settings are the pillar of photography. So, if you are shooting with a slow shutter speed, you need to adjust your aperture accordingly. If you shoot in 'shutter-priority' mode, this is done automatically. However, if you are shooting in manual mode you’ll need to decrease your Aperture in proportion to your shutter speed.

This is simple :

- Decrease shutter speed by a ‘stop’, double the amount of time the shutter is open (eg – from 1/250 to 1/125).

- Decrease the Aperture by one stop you decrease the size of the shutter opening by 50%.

5. Decreased ISO : Another way to make up for the extra light that enters your camera because of the long shutter speed, is to adjust your camera ISO. ISO measures the sensitivity of your camera sensor's towards light. A higher number will make your camera more sensitive to light and a lower number will make it less sensitive. In this case choose a lower number as against a longer shutter speed.

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